The Solarity

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Status of Solar Energy in INDIA – 2010

India is a country of over a billion people. As of 31st August 2010 there were 89808 villages or 15.1 % of the total which were still un-electrified . Over 40% of the country’s population currently does not have energy access .India as a country still depends heavily on imports of oil and natural gas when it comes to meeting the daily energy needs. Using these sources of energy is an economic burden to the government and at the same time they heavily contribute to the pollution. To realize the dream of becoming a superpower by 2020 India needs to be self-sufficient in its energy needs. Even though non-renewable sources of energy such as oil and gas are cheaper to work with than renewable sources, Renewable sources have an advantage in terms of the pollution they create, hence if we can work towards bringing down the cost of working with these energy sources, we can kill two birds with a stone. Since India lies at the tropic of cancer we get abundant sunshine to make full use of solar energy. Solar energy has become an attractive source of renewable energy because of reduction in the cost of manufacturing of solar panel these days.

With about 300 clear sunny days in a year, India’s theoretical solar power reception, just on its land area is about 5000 trillion kWh/year . The daily average solar energy incident over India varies from 4 to 7 kWh/m2 with about 2,300–3,200 sunshine hours per year, depending upon location. This is far more than current total energy consumption. For example, even assuming 10% conversion efficiency for PV modules, it will still be thousand times greater than the likely electricity demand in India by the year 2015.

As of August 2010 India fulfills around 10.9% of the total requirement with renewable sources of energy while solar accounts for a total of 1% of the renewable energy generation . Currently we generate 18MW (get the latest from from Solar Sources but it is expected that 150-200 MW of solar power will be installed in the country by December 2011 .These non-conventional sources of energy have the capability of fulfilling the requirement without harming the environment. As of September 2010 the status of Decentralized Energy Systems is as follows .

1 Family Type Biogas Plants 4.27 million
2 SPV Home Lighting System 6,19,428
3 Solar Lantern 8,13,380
4 SPV Street Lighting System 1,21,227
5 SPV Pumps 7,495
6 Solar Water Heating Collector Area 3.77 mln. sq.m

SPV: Solar Photovoltaic

Moody sun burst hovering over a trough at Kram...

Image via Wikipedia

Considering India as a large country these numbers are miniscule. The present government has taken some steps to utilize the solar energy. A solar mission named “Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission” was launched in January 2010, which promises to generate 1,000MW by 2013 and by 2022 generate 20GW, to deploy 20 million solar lighting systems and to achieve 20 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area. However a point to note is that India is currently ranked number one with United States in terms of total solar power generation capacity. Experts are recommending that India should adopt a policy to create solar energy as a backbone of its economy by 2050.

Corporate houses like INDOSOLAR have started producing world-class solar panels with high efficiencies ranging up to 17.2%. Indosolar is currently producing 160MWp and plans to produce 260MWp by 2011. Non-Profit organizations like TERI (The Energy and Resource Institute) have also come up with projects like LABL (lighting a billion lives) Campaign to enhance access to clean energy and ease in creation of rural green jobs in association with The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India.

While the merits of installing solar equipment are large it suffers from a few drawbacks. The efficiency of solar panels is still 15% of the sunlight energy received. The cost of production ranges from Rs. 8 to Rs. 30 per unit compared to Rs. 5 to Rs. 8 per unit of conventional thermal energy. We can store solar energy only using large batteries, which can be an environmental risk. There has been a slow progress over the years and India has fallen short of achieving the desired momentum. India is now 7th worldwide in Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Cell production and 9th in Solar Thermal Systems production with nations like Japan, China, and the US currently ranked ahead of it.

To summarize we can see that some steps have been taken to tap the potential of solar energy but still more effort needs to be put in. We need more private investments so that the initial costs of the panels come down. We need the government to fund research projects to develop solar panel with high-efficiency. Also common man needs to be made aware about the merits so that he is convinced to use solar energy in his day-to-day life.

The pie chart for the worldwide use of Renewable Energy is shown below:

The Statistics and figures are believed to be true and are used from trusted sources.


15 comments on “Status of Solar Energy in INDIA – 2010

  1. Vijay H Patel
    March 2, 2011

    Can have I somebody to explain yr products at Gujarat? I m interested as I m constructing new bungalow at Ahmedabad.

    • jainrishabh
      March 2, 2011

      Sir, I do not run any company that provides products, but if you let me know your requirements I may help you choose the product which may be best for you.

  2. Vijay H Patel
    March 2, 2011

    Yes Sir,

    I wd be very much thankful to you. I need to use solar energy for my residence.

    • jainrishabh
      March 2, 2011

      can you email the details of your energy requirement and the amount of money you are ready to invest to the mail id . I am a bit busy this week, if you dont have any urgent requirements I can get back to you by next week with all details.

  3. Ajinkya Latkar
    May 11, 2011

    I need a report on the:

    1. Leading players involved in solar industry in India, and a brief market analysis
    2. Major Solar power projects in India, along with promoter/sponsor and technical details
    3. Incentives by the Indian Government (if any) in this parlance

    It would be very helpful if you provide me with even a few insights on all these.

    Thanking you,
    Ajinkya Latkar
    Senior Undergraduate,
    Mechanical Engineering Department, IIT Bombay

    • jainrishabh
      May 11, 2011

      I do have a research paper published in Elsevier, I will upload a post soon, Hope it will answer your queries.

  4. Binod Kumar Maharana
    March 8, 2012

    Southern Odisha – Abundant sunlight abundant energy

  5. Mamini Kumari Maharana
    March 8, 2012

    Southern Odisha enjoys maximum sunlight through out the year there is possibility of abundant conservation of solar energy.

  6. Diana Lewark
    February 14, 2013

    I agree, but everyone needs to understand that adding Solar on their home is an asset that could increase the long term valuation of their home if / when they come to a decision to sell. With the environment the way it is going we are unable to disregard any product that gives totally free energy at no cost to both the buyer and more notably the environment!

  7. Sky
    May 1, 2013

    Could you spell India right in the title? This page looks like it lacks legitimacy because you couldn’t even spell the name of the country right.

    • jainrishabh
      May 1, 2013


      Thank you so much. This should have been rectified way earlier. I regret the mistake.

      Thanks again

  8. pv cell report
    May 26, 2013

    But one needs only to look at that, Arjun. Patrick
    Jobin Credit Suisse Okay, and also policy setters’ ambitions in relation to Photovoltaic Home System energy by 2030? So all those kind of discussions with the banks and they are the best candidate to lead our nation.

  9. Thank you very much for hosting a very informative window on Solar Energy. But side by side it is requested that information may updated up to latest as lot of changes have taken in due course of time.
    Thanking again.

    AMBALA CITY-134003

  10. Anandi Maharana
    October 16, 2013

    there are several resources in the world but there are less resources left so we should conserve them and use alternative resources if there would be no resources left so what you will do? the sun never will be end so we will use solar energy OR from now use solar energy and conserve the non renewable resources for next generation “good luck & good bye”!

  11. Pingback: News, Views and Reviews: Sid Harth

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